Rabbi Dr. Aharon Lichtenstein was born on 28 Iyar 5693 (May24, 1933) in France. In 1940, several months after the Nazi conquest of France, his family managed to escape to the United States. In his youth, he was recognized as an outstanding student at Yeshivat Rabbi Chaim Berlin, where he studied under Rabbi Yitzchak Hutner zt”l. He continued his studies at Yeshiva University under Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik zt”l, who granted him rabbinic ordination. In 1960, he married Rabbi Soloveitchik’s daughter, Dr. Tovah Lichtenstein.
In 1957, he completed a doctorate in English Literature at Harvard University, after which he returned to Yeshiva University to serve as an instructor in Talmud and as rosh kollel at Yeshiva University’s affiliated Yeshivat Rabbeinu Yitzchak Elchanan.
In 1970, Rabbi Yehuda Amital zt”l invited Rabbi Lichtenstein to serve as co-rosh yeshiva of the recently-established Yeshivat Har Etzion in Alon Shevut, Israel. Rabbi Lichtenstein accepted the offer and made aliya with his family in 1971. They served together as rashei yeshiva for four decades and taught thousands of students, among them many rabbis and educators. Rabbi Lichtenstein also served as rector of Herzog College and as rosh kollel of Yeshiva University’s Gruss Institute in Jerusalem. He resided in Jerusalem from the time of his aliya until 2006, when he and his wife moved to Alon Shevut in Gush Etzion, near Yeshivat Har Etzion. In 2011 he announced his retirement from daily teaching, and devoted himself mainly to writing.
Throughout his career, Rabbi Lichtenstein combined sovereign mastery of the vast expanses of Torah knowledge with breathtaking analytic depth and sharpness. His diligence in Torah study, day and night, was legendary. Hundreds of his students became rashei yeshiva and rabbis in Israel and throughout the world. Yet alongside his genuine Torah greatness, he was renowned for his deep humility, nobility and love of humanity.
Over the years, Rabbi Lichtenstein published many articles on Talmud, Halakha and philosophy. Many of these were collected in his books Minchat Aviv and the eight-volume series Shiurei HaRav Aharon Lichtenstein on the Talmud, as well as in his books on Jewish thought and ethics Leaves of Faith (2 volumes), Varieties of Jewish Experience, By His Light: Character and Values in the Service of God, and in the recent series of interviews by Rabbi Chaim Sabato, Mevakshei Panekha. On Yom HaAtzmaut 2014 he was awarded Israel’s highest honor, the Israel Prize, for his extensive and varied Torah literature. He also was awarded the Rav Kook Prize for Torah Literature in 2013 for his volumes on the Talmud. The award committee’s decision declared that “In these books, Rabbi Lichtenstein brings the Brisker conceptual method of Torah study to its highest luster, to deep and impressive fulfillment, opening up methods of traditional Talmudic analysis for the current generation.”
Rabbi Lichtenstein passed away on Rosh Chodesh Iyar 5775 at the age of 81 and was buried on Har HaMenuchot in Jerusalem.
Rabbi Lichtenstein leaves behind his wife, Dr. Tovah Lichtenstein, six children all of whom are involved in Jewish education, including head of Yeshivat Har Etzion Rabbi Mosheh Lichtenstein and head of the Women’s Beit Midrash in Migdal Oz Mrs. Esti Rosenberg, and many grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Read more.
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|Harav Aharon Lichtenstein||Chametz Shel Hekdesh||The gemara (Pesachim 5b) quotes a beraita which derives from pesukim that one is forbidden to see one's OWN chametz, but permitted to see that of others' (i.e., non-Jews) and of hekdesh (i.e., that which has been consecrated to the Beit Ha-mikdash).||Masekhtot - Iyun|
|Harav Aharon Lichtenstein||Gittin Chapter 2 – Introduction (17a) Divorce By Way Of A Get||In its definition of divorce, the Torah speaks of two elements: 1) "a bill of divorce"; and 2) "and send her out of his house." So too later in the passage (v. 3), when the Torah discusses what happens when the second husband divorces the woman, both of these expressions are used. This being the case, we must examine what is the essence of the divorce process: Is it "the bill of divorce," or perhaps the sending out of the woman from the man's house?||Masekhtot - Iyun|
|Harav Aharon Lichtenstein||Identifying Marks (27a-27b)||The passage on 27a deals with a lost get, and one of the ways to return a get to its rightful owner is the method which is utilized for returning all sorts of lost objects: identifying marks (simanim or simanin; singular, siman).||Masekhtot - Iyun|
|Harav Aharon Lichtenstein||Shiur #1: The Biblical or Rabbinic Origins of Ketuba||At the time of marriage, a husband commits himself to pay an amount of money to his wife in the event of his death or divorce. This commitment is written in the document called a "ketuba."||Masekhtot - Iyun|
|Harav Aharon Lichtenstein||Shiur Peticha - Opening Shiur on Massekhet Kiddushin||Masekhtot - Iyun|
|Harav Aharon Lichtenstein||Shiur 18: Ketubot 14a: "Almanat Isa"||The mishna (13a) had addressed two cases where a question arose as to whether the woman involved is permitted to marry a kohen.||Masekhtot - Iyun|