Harav Aharon Lichtenstein

            Rabbi Dr. Aharon Lichtenstein was born on 28 Iyar 5693 (May24, 1933) in France. In 1940, several months after the Nazi conquest of France, his family managed to escape to the United States. In his youth, he was recognized as an outstanding student at Yeshivat Rabbi Chaim Berlin, where he studied under Rabbi Yitzchak Hutner zt”l.  He continued his studies at Yeshiva University under Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik zt”l, who granted him rabbinic ordination. In 1960, he married Rabbi Soloveitchik’s daughter, Dr. Tovah Lichtenstein.

            In 1957, he completed a doctorate in English Literature at Harvard University, after which he returned to Yeshiva University to serve as an instructor in Talmud and as rosh kollel at Yeshiva University’s affiliated Yeshivat Rabbeinu Yitzchak Elchanan.

            In 1970, Rabbi Yehuda Amital zt”l invited Rabbi Lichtenstein to serve as co-rosh yeshiva of the recently-established Yeshivat Har Etzion in Alon Shevut, Israel. Rabbi Lichtenstein accepted the offer and made aliya with his family in 1971. They served together as rashei yeshiva for four decades and taught thousands of students, among them many rabbis and educators. Rabbi Lichtenstein also served as rector of Herzog College and as rosh kollel of Yeshiva University’s Gruss Institute in Jerusalem. He resided in Jerusalem from the time of his aliya until 2006, when he and his wife moved to Alon Shevut in Gush Etzion, near Yeshivat Har Etzion. In 2011 he announced his retirement from daily teaching, and devoted himself mainly to writing.

            Throughout his career, Rabbi Lichtenstein combined sovereign mastery of the vast expanses of Torah knowledge with breathtaking analytic depth and sharpness. His diligence in Torah study, day and night, was legendary. Hundreds of his students became rashei yeshiva and rabbis in Israel and throughout the world. Yet alongside his genuine Torah greatness, he was renowned for his deep humility, nobility and love of humanity.

            Over the years, Rabbi Lichtenstein published many articles on Talmud, Halakha and philosophy. Many of these were collected in his books Minchat Aviv and the eight-volume series Shiurei HaRav Aharon Lichtenstein on the Talmud, as well as in his books on Jewish thought and ethics Leaves of Faith (2 volumes), Varieties of Jewish Experience, By His Light: Character and Values in the Service of God, and in the recent series of interviews by Rabbi Chaim Sabato, Mevakshei Panekha. On Yom HaAtzmaut 2014 he was awarded Israel’s highest honor, the Israel Prize, for his extensive and varied Torah literature. He also was awarded the Rav Kook Prize for Torah Literature in 2013 for his volumes on the Talmud. The award committee’s decision declared that “In these books, Rabbi Lichtenstein brings the Brisker conceptual method of Torah study to its highest luster, to deep and impressive fulfillment, opening up methods of traditional Talmudic analysis for the current generation.”

            Rabbi Lichtenstein passed away on Rosh Chodesh Iyar 5775 at the age of 81 and was buried on Har HaMenuchot in Jerusalem.

            Rabbi Lichtenstein leaves behind his wife, Dr. Tovah Lichtenstein, six children all of whom are involved in Jewish education, including head of Yeshivat Har Etzion Rabbi Mosheh Lichtenstein and head of the Women’s Beit Midrash in Migdal Oz Mrs. Esti Rosenberg, and many grandchildren and great-grandchildren.  Read more.

 

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Teacher Title Abstract Course
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Women's Obligation to Light Chanuka Candles Halakhot of Chanuka
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Forbidden Matza Halakhot of Pesach
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein The Mitzva to Eat Maror Halakhot of Pesach
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Two Aspects of the Mitzva of Counting the Omer Halakhot of Sefirat HaOmer
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Shaking the Lulav During Hallel Halakhot of the Four Species
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Travelling and the Mitzva of Sukka Halakhot of the Sukka
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Torah Study in the Sukka Halakhot of the Sukka
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein The Mitzva of 'Shabbaton' on Yom Ha-Kippurim Halakhot of Yom Kippur
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Jerusalem: Between Holiness and Purity Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein The Multifaceted Relationship between Jerusalem and the Land of Israel Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein ASARA BE-TEVET 5775: The Power of a Single Word The Gemara in Ta'anit (12b) describes the order to be followed on a fast day as follows: Abaye said: From morning to midday they look into the affairs of the city; from then onwards they read for a quarter of the day from the Torah and the Prophets and the rest of the day [is spent] in praying for mercy. Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Survival and Fulfillment - Thoughts on Yom HaAtzma'ut The Torah describes two journeys of aliya undertaken by Avraham to reach the land of Canaan. On the first journey, described at the end of Parashat Noach, Avraham sets out of his own free will. Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein On Aliya: The Uniqueness of Living in Eretz Yisrael Parashat Vayeshev begins: “Yaakov settled in the land of his father’s dwelling, in the land of Canaan” (Bereishit 37:1). What need is there for the seeming repetition about where he dwelt? Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein “When You Come into the Land” Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Historical Uniqueness and Daily Service In order to better understand the nature of Chanuka, let us examine the original “Chanuka” – the dedication of the Mishkan in the desert. Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein "Because They Partook of the Feast of the Wicked One" Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Seeking the Welfare of Zion and Jerusalem "For I will restore health to you and I will heal you of your wounds, says the Lord, because they called you 'deserted,' saying: 'This is Zion, whose welfare is sought by none.'" (Yirmiyahu 30:17) Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein "Let Us Enter Your Gates" On Rosh Ha-shana we pray: Today is the birth of the world; today all the creatures of the world will stand for judgment, whether as children or as slaves ... . Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein For the Sin of Neglect Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Hunger for the Word of God As Jews, we should be animated by a hunger for the word of God. If we do not feel sufficient enthusiasm in Torah study, this can indicate either narrow problems or broader religious and personal issues. Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein "Moshe Hid His Face, For He Was Afraid to Look at God" Both Moshe and Bnei Yisrael recoiled when they encountered God. Was this fear or awe? An examination reveals this question to be pertinent to our lives as well. Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Why Learn Gemara? Judaism places great emphasis on the study of Torah. But why the focus on the realm of Halakha, and specifically the choice of gemara as the central text? Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein “The Woods Are Lovely, Dark and Deep”: Reading a Poem by Robert Frost What is the proper way to relate to an artistic creation? This question is frequently raised by students of literature, and it concerns yeshiva students as well. Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Jerusalem of Gold, of Brass, of Light In this psalm, King David portrays several aspects of Jerusalem: Jerusalem as God's home, as the seat of justice, and as a meeting-point for the tribes of Israel. This chapter deals not only with the nature of Jerusalem itself, but also with the feelings it arouses in the hearts of the pilgrims who arrive there. Holiday Packages
Harav Aharon Lichtenstein Visiting the Temple Mount in Our Time The issue of visiting the Temple Mount is a somewhat loaded topic. In this shiur, I shall deal exclusively with the halakhic aspects of this issue, and not with its other dimensions, the importance of which should not be treated lightly. Holiday Packages

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