Great Biblical Commentators
Teacher Title Abstract
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #1: Targum Onkelos
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #2: Saadia Gaon
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #3: R. Yona ibn Janach
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #4: Rashi (Part I)
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #5: Rashi, Part II)
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #6a: Rashi, Part III - The Moral and Educational Philosophy of Rashi Regardless of the position we maintain regarding Rashi’s motivations, there is no doubt that Rashi — whether intentionally or unintentionally — has becomes one of the great developers of Jewish education throughout all generations.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #6b: Rashi, (Part III) - The Moral and Educational Philosophy of Rashi (continued) The Moral and Educational Philosophy of Rashi (continued)
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #6c: Rashi, (Part III) - The Moral and Educational Philosophy of Rashi (conclusion) The Moral and Educational Philosophy of Rashi (Conclusion)
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #7a: Rashi, (Part IV) - Rashi and Christianity In this lecture, we will deal with the comments and midrashim that Rashi brings not because of any interpretative need, nor because of their educational or moral significance, but rather because of their exigency for his generation, a generation living beneath the shield and the sword of the Christian faith.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #7b: Rashi, (Part IV): Rashi and Christianity (conclusion) According to Christianity, the Jewish People were once indeed the Chosen Nation, but they were eventually rejected for their sins and replaced with the Christians – In order to combat this claim, Rashi stresses in many places in his commentaries that even if the Jews sin, they remain God’s treasured people. Similarly, Rashi seeks in his writings to encourage the nation and prevent them from giving up on redemption out of feeling that they do not deserve it. Rashi relates to this in numerous places, and we will analyze a few examples.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #8: Rav Yosef Kara R. Yosef Kara (1060-1130), known as Mahari Kara, earned his surname because of his occupation as an exegete of the Bible (Mikra); he thus earned this title of respect for one who studies Tanakh.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #9: Rashbam, Part I
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #10: Rashbam, Part II One of the most important ideas that the Rashbam develops is the principle of foreshadowing.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #11: R. Yosef Bekhor Shor R. Yosef of Orléans, northern France, was a 12th-century parshan who has become known through the generation as Ri Bekhor Shor.[1] He was a Tosafist, a student of Rabbeinu Tam,[2] and he was influenced mainly by Rashi'€™s commentary and the commentaries of Mahari Kara and the Rashbam. Nevertheless, Ri Bekhor Shor blazed a trail of his own in biblical exegesis.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #12: Summary of Exegesis of Northern France Introduction to Spanish Exegesis Over the past few lessons, we have become familiar with the school of northern French exegetes of the 12th century, and in the next few, we will address the exegetical school that developed in Spain.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #13: R. Avraham ibn Ezra, Part I R. Abu Iṣḥāq Avraham ben Meir ibn Ezra (1089-1164), known simply as Ibn Ezra, was born in Tudela, Spain.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #14: R. Avraham ibn Ezra, Part II In our previous lecture, we dealt with Ibn Ezra’s biography and the four exegetical approaches that he rejects. In this lecture, we will discuss the fifth approach, the way in which Ibn Ezra interprets the Torah.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #15: Rabbi Avraham ibn Ezra, Part III Evaluating Midrash Halakha - Integration of Peshat and Derash in Halakhic Passages
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #16: Rav David Kimchi The Radak — R. David Kimchi (1160-1235) — was born and active in Provence, in southern France, near Spain.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #17: Ramban, Part I Rabbi Moshe ben Nachman (henceforth known as the Ramban) was born in Girona, Catalonia (today in northeast Spain), part of the Crown of Aragon, in 1194.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #18: Ramban, Part II In the previous lesson, we looked at the most prominent characteristic of the commentary of the Ramban on the Torah - his comprehensive approach to many topics in the category of theology and faith.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #19: Ramban, Part III In the previous lecture, we dealt with the philosophical aspects of the Ramban’s writings. In this lesson, we will deal with additional characteristics of the Ramban’s commentary on the Torah.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #20: The Chizkuni - R. Chizkiya ben Manoach Unfortunately, we do not know the details of the Chizkuni’s life. Where and when he lived is a matter of much debate. The contemporary critical consensus is that the Chizkuni wrote his work around the middle of the thirteenth century, and apparently he came from Northern France.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #21: R. Yosef Ibn Caspi R. Yosef ibn Caspi was born in 1279 in Largentière, Provence, and died sometime after 1340.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #22: The Ralbag R. Levi ben Gershom (1288-1344) lived in Provence, and he was a dominant and famous figure in his era not only in the Jewish community and not only because of his Torah-based writings.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #23: Abarbanel R. Yitzchak Abarbanel was born in Lisbon, Portugal in 1437 to a prestigious family from Seville, and he died in the year 1508 in Venice (and was buried in Padua).
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #24: Seforno R. Ovadia Seforno (1475-1550) was born in Cesena, near Bertinoro, Italy, where he acquired most of his Torah-related knowledge.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #25: R. Hirsch The new era presented new interpretive challenges for Jewish biblical exegetes. Due to the Enlightenment, which began at the end of the 17th century, and the Emancipation, which began at the end of the 18th century, the Jewish community in Europe underwent many changes during the 19th century.
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #26: Radatz Hoffmann R. David Tzvi Hoffmann (1843-1921), whom we will refer to as Radatz, was born and educated in the Hungarian city of Verbó (modern-day Vrbové, Slovakia).
שיעורי טקסט Dr. Avigail Rock Lecture #27: Malbim R. Meir Leibush ben Yechiel Michel Weisser (1809-1879) — hereinafter: Malbim — was one of the most prominent figures in Eastern European Jewry in the 19th century, both in the realms of biblical exegesis or rabbinical leadership.

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