Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Teacher Title Abstract
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #31 The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos gives a stinging rebuke to the women of the aristocracy, the famed "cows of the Bashan," who benefit from their husbands' privilege.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #32 The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos 4:2-3 presents the fate of "the cows of the Bashan," but its terminology is extremely challenging to translate and understand.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #33: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos's condemnation of the service at Beit El and Gilgal is somewhat opaque. Is he condemning idolatry or improper service of God?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #34: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" What does it mean to return to God? Is there a difference between returning ad Hashem and returning el Hashem?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #35: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos points to another phenomenon which should have inspired Shomeron to return to God: when only one of two neighboring cities or fields enjoys abundant rain. What does this metaphor mean?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #36: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" The rebuke of Amos uses a great deal of imagery which recalls the Deuteronomic Rebuke (Ch. 28). What does this tell us about his message?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #37: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos's vibrant imagery recalls a recent disaster to his audience in Shomeron, one which reverberates with the the imagery of the Egyptian plagues.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #38: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" The reference to Sedom and Amora raises a question: does this relate to the cities' sinfulness or their destruction? Moreover, when is Sedom mentioned alone, when with Amora and when with all the cities of the Plain?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #39: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Now that we have seen the five-fold punishments of Shomeron, we can consider the structure and overall message of this series.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #40 The Prophecies of Amos The Hearken Sequence: Crescendo and Coda The Hearken Sequence reaches a crescendo--but is something missing from the text?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #41 The Prophecies of Amos - The Hearken Sequence: Crescendo and Coda The final verse of Chapter 4 at first seems out of place, but a careful analysis shows how its every clause mirrors the preceding five-fold punishment of Israel.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #43: The Prophecies of Amos - The Fall of Israel The first of seven elements in Amos's last-ditch rebuke focuses on the maiden Israel and the bitter fate awaiting her.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #44: The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel While Amos engages in clever wordplay, we are left to wonder how Be'er Sheva, Beit El and Gilgal figure so prominently in his diatribe.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #45: The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel Amos presents the rebuker as an unpopular figure, but his own story remains opaque.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #46: The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel Amos's hymn seems to break the sequence of his thoughts. Why does he now praise God for His role in creation?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #47 The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel As we return to the theme of seeking as the penultimate element of this seven-part cycle, we consider the idea of what good and bad really are, from the viewpoint of Amos's audience.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #48 The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel As we near the end of the seven-part dirge sequence, we must consider whom Amos calls to mourn, why and where.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #49 The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel As we conclude the seven-part sequence, we consider the nature of the lamentation Amos describes, as well as parallels in Yirmeyahu, Mikha and Shemuel. Why does Amos go to the vineyards?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #50 The Prophecies of Amos: Yom Hashem Amos introduces the concept of "the day of the Lord," a prophetic term which will become very important in biblical literature. Why does he raise this to his audience in Shomeron?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #51 The Prophecies of Amos: Yom Hashem Part II Amos introduces the concept of the "day of the Lord" by being the first to mention it explicitly, but a careful reading of Tanakh shows that he is in fact invoking an idea which is very familiar to his audience.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #52 The Prophecies of Amos: Rejection of the Avoda Part I Amos's relationship to the avoda, the Divine service, is particularly striking. Why would God suddenly reject those who come to serve Him?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #53 The Prophecies of Amos: Rejection of the Avoda Part II In one of the most famous verses in his book, Amos likens justice to water; but what does his use of tzedaka and mishpat, a biblical pair dating back to Avraham, mean for his audience?

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