1000 Years of Jewish History in Halakha
Teacher Title Abstract
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #01: The First Crusade May 1096 The Crusades forced many Jews to choose conversion or death, but the permissibility or obligation of martyrdom in Jewish tradition is far from clear. Is King Shaul a model, or an aberration?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #02: The Crusades May 1096 Part II: Berakha Recited on Martyrdom The Crusades set off centuries of anti-Jewish violence, raising the unspeakable question: should a Jew faced with death recite a blessing on martyrdom?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #03: The Crusades May 1096 Part III: Religious Practices Commemorating the Crusades The question of how to memorialize the martyrs of the Crusades proved to be complex, but it set the precedent for how to confront contemporary historical tragedy, particularly following the Holocaust.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #04: 17 June, 1242 The Burning of the Talmud The burning of the Talmud in medieval Paris is considered a monumental tragedy, but how are we supposed to treat sacred Jewish texts?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #05: Maharam of Rothenburg’s Attempt to Make Aliya 1286 The attempt of one medieval German rabbi to emigrate to the Land of Israel raises compelling halakhic issues about the status and sanctity of the Land.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #06: Maharam of Rothenburg’s Imprisonment 1286 The grim fate of Maharam of Rothenburg, who died in prison, raises historical and contemporary questions about the lengths to which the Jewish community should go to in order to save its kidnapped members.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #07: The Ramban’s Disputation (Disputation of Barcelona) July 20–24, 1263 What attitude should the Jewish community have towards Christianity? From the days of medieval disputations to the recent issue of interfaith relations, this has remained an issue of great halakhic importance.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #08: The Black Death 1347-1351 The medieval pandemic of the Black Death endangered Jews as an illness and as an anti-Semitic pretext. Serious halakhic considerations were raised at the time, and continue until today, about the treatment of those stricken by highly contagious diseases.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #09: The Pogroms of 1391 in Spain The 1391 attack on the Jewish communities of Spain presaged the dark times ahead for Iberian Jews. In its wake, with many Jews at least publicly renouncing their faith, halakhic authorities struggled with the question of the conversos' status and that of their descendants.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #10: Rav Yitzchak Abarbanel (1437-1508) Jewish Adviser to Kings From ancient times until the modern era, Jews have played prominent roles advising world leaders; but when is conforming to non-Jewish custom allowed, and when is it prohibited by Torah law?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #11: The Invention of the Printing Press I (1440) Gutenberg's invention of movable type was a revolution, undoubtedly a boon for Torah study--but is the product of a printing press considered "writing" from the viewpoint of Halakha?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #12: The Invention of the Printing Press II (1440) The invention of the printing press raised many halakhic questions, but perhaps the most intriguing was the question of how copyrights, capitalism and competitive markets fit into Jewish ethics and law.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #14: The Expulsion from Spain Part II (1492) In our modern world, Jews whose family origins lie in very different cultures come in close contact. Should the synagogue be a melting pot, or a multiethnic tapestry?