“A River Goes Out of Eden”
Teacher Title Abstract
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam A River Goes Out of Eden - Introduction In this introductory shiur, we consider the goal of this series: to gain a deeper understanding of the Jewish holiday cycle through the story of the Garden of Eden. While the connection to Rosh Hashana is obvious, the other holidays of Tishrei also reflect the nuances of the Eden experience, upon deeper analysis.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #01: Malkhuyot - The Nature of the Connection Renewed on Rosh Hashana The identity of Rosh Hashana is somewhat mysterious in the Torah, but its position in rabbinic literature as day of creation and day of judgment links it firmly to the story of Adam in the Garden of Eden.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #02: Zikhronot, The Remembrance Blessing: The Covenant of the Akeida and the Repair of Adam’s Sin The story of the Binding of Yitzchak, an essential focal point of Rosh Hashana, contains many allusions to the story of Eden. Avraham's dedication to God rectifies the sin of the forebears of humanity, Adam and Chava.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #03: Shofarot: Tekiot Di-myushav, Tekiot Di-meumad and the Confusion of Satan The two series of shofar sounds, sitting and standing, reflect the two directions of communication between man and God. Together, they serve to repair the relationship ruined by the sin in the Garden of Eden.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #04: The Atonement that Purifies – Part I: The Unique Service of Yom Kippur While Yom Kippur's name identifies it as the Day of Atonement, the Torah also speaks of a purification process on the day. What does purity have to do with atonement, and what role does offering sacrifices play in each?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #05: The Atonement that Purifies: The Unique Service of Yom Kippur Part II As we continue to consider the connections between Yom Kippur and the Garden of Eden, we consider the role of the Jewish people in addressing the sin of Adam and Chava, as well as the unique repentance of Yom Kippur.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #06: The Service of the Goats Part I: Repair of the Sin Involving the Tree of Knowledge The special service of Yom Kippur, with two goats that look the same but experience very different fates, reflects the unique role of the day and its conceptualization of sin.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #07: The Service of the Goats Part II Repairing the Sin of Eating From the Tree of Knowledge Sending the goat to Azazel on Yom Kippur reflects a deeper act of purification, with echoes of the Garden of Eden. The people of Israel have a subtle but vital role to play in the process.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #08: The Five Types of Affliction Part I: The Yom Kippur Service of All of Israel Yom Kippur is the only fast day ordained by the Torah. What is the significance of the fact, and how does it connect to the sin of Adam and Chava?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #09: The Five Types of Affliction Part II: The Yom Kippur Service of All of Israel What significance do the five afflictions of Yom Kippur have in relation to the sacrificial service of the day? How do they embody the repair of the sin of Adam and Chava?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #10: The Holiday of Sukkot Part I - Remaining in the Garden of Eden Sukkot seems to be the festival of nature and of water, yet rain on the holiday is considered a sign of God's disapproval. What does this mean, and what does it have to do with the origins of precipitation in the Creation narrative?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #11: The Holiday of Sukkot Part II Remaining in the Garden of Eden What is the significance of when and how we celebrate Sukkot? What does this tell us about connecting to God as in the Garden of Eden?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #12: The Holiday of Sukkot Part III Arba Minim I Repairing the Plant World The unique way in which the Four Species are presented--in the Torah, in the Mishna and in Halakha--reflects their special role in tapping into the spiritual side of the harvest season.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #13: The Holiday of Sukkot Part IV Arba Minim II Repairing the Plant World The four species taken on Sukkot symbolize a rectification of the sin of the first humans in the Garden of Eden, putting eating into the proper spiritual context.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #14: The Holiday of Sukkot Part V Arba Minim III Repairing the Plant World What is so special about the etrog, and why do some of the Sages identify it with the object of Adam and Chava's sin?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #15: The Holiday of Chanuka Part I The Holiday of Bein Ha-shemashot The lights kindled on Chanuka are unique in their timing, as Halakha mandates a time which is neither quite day nor night. What is the significance of this against the historical backdrop of the struggle between Israel and Greek culture?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #16: The Holiday of Chanuka Part II The Holiday of Bein ha-shemashot A new approach to the attitude of the Sages towards "Greek wisdom," often thought to be quite negative, helps us understand Chanuka's unique status as the festival of twilight.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #17: The Holiday of Chanuka Part III The Holiday of Bein Ha-shemashot Chanuka, the holiday of twilight, addresses the question at the heart of the Garden of Eden narrative: is man or God meant to be at the center of the universe?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #18: “And When You Shall Come into the Land and Shall Have Planted Every Kind of Tree for Food” Tu Bi-Shevat: The Mitzva of Orla and the Repair of Adam’s Sin The New Year for Trees is an occasion to focus on what the sin of Adam and Chava represents and how this relates to the little-known prohibition to eat fruit from the first three years of a tree's planting.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #19: “And When You Shall Come into the Land and Shall Have Planted Every Kind of Tree for Food” (Part II) After the three-year prohibition of orla, the Torah mandates a fourth year of special status for fruit of a new tree: neta revai. This completes the cycle of rectifying the sin of Adam and Chava, making the New Year for the Tree, Tu BiShevat, a spiritually significant date.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #20: Above the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil Part 1 The Talmud puts Haman in the Garden of Eden, but what lies behind this exegesis? Can it help us understand the status of the other tree in the Garden, the Tree of Life
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #21: Above the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil Part 2 How does the story of Esther draw on the themes of the Eden narrative? Is Esther herself the reincarnation and rectification of Chava?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #22: Above the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil Part 3 How does the obligation "to cheer oneself up on Purim" with wine connect to the themes of the Garden of Eden, the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, and the Tree of Life?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #23: The Festival of Matzot and the Taste of the Garden of Eden (1) The Mitzvot of Matza and Chametz and their Reasons The commandments of Pesach focus on bread, with severe penalties for eating leaven; but is this due to mere historical happenstance? We must return to the Garden of Eden to understand the Exodus.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #24: The Festival of Matzot and the Taste of the Garden of Eden (2) The Mitzvot of Matza and Chametz and their Reasons Do we eat to live or live to eat? In the Garden of Eden, the startling answer is... both!--until the day it all goes awry.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #25: The Festival of Matzot and the Taste of the Garden of Eden (3) The Mitzvot of Matza and Chametz and their Reasons The severe prohibitions of leaven on Pesach, alongside the mitzva of eating matza which defines the holiday, may best be understood in light of the sin in the Garden of Eden.
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #26: From Pesach to Shavuot, From Matza to Chametz (1) The Holiday of Shavuot: A Revelation of the Root Hidden in Chametz While Pesach is the time to eschew all leaven, on Shavuot it is not only allowed, but the fundamental mitzva of the day. How are we to understand this, in the context of the Eden narrative?
שיעורי טקסט Rav Uriel Eitam Shiur #27: From Pesach to Shavuot, From Matza to Chametz (2) Shavuot is often thought of as having no distinctive mitzva, at least in the biblical text; but the offering of the leavened two loaves is powerful and meaningful, hearkening back to man's primeval state.