Rav Yitzchak Etshalom
Teacher Title Abstract Course
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #26: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" In this shiur, we tackle the rhetorical riddles of Amos 3. How do these lines fit together, and what do they tell us about the audience first listening to this message and the readers considering the text years later? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #27: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" In the final shiur on the introduction to Chapter 3, we consider how the riddles presented by Amos explain what he is about to say, analyzing how his original audience might have heard it and how we readers experience it today. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #28: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos uses carefully crafted parallelism to draw his audience's attention, wondering if they are even capable of acknowledging rebuke in their sinful society. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #29 The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" As we continue our analysis of the Hearken oracles of Chapter 3, we consider some puzzling analogiies and terminology. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #30: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" As Chapter 3 concludes, Amos refers to God and to Israel by special terms, alluding to the Golden Calf--and the golden calves. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #31 The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos gives a stinging rebuke to the women of the aristocracy, the famed "cows of the Bashan," who benefit from their husbands' privilege. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #32 The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos 4:2-3 presents the fate of "the cows of the Bashan," but its terminology is extremely challenging to translate and understand. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #33: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos's condemnation of the service at Beit El and Gilgal is somewhat opaque. Is he condemning idolatry or improper service of God? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #34: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" What does it mean to return to God? Is there a difference between returning ad Hashem and returning el Hashem? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #35: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos points to another phenomenon which should have inspired Shomeron to return to God: when only one of two neighboring cities or fields enjoys abundant rain. What does this metaphor mean? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #36: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" The rebuke of Amos uses a great deal of imagery which recalls the Deuteronomic Rebuke (Ch. 28). What does this tell us about his message? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #37: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Amos's vibrant imagery recalls a recent disaster to his audience in Shomeron, one which reverberates with the the imagery of the Egyptian plagues. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #38: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" The reference to Sedom and Amora raises a question: does this relate to the cities' sinfulness or their destruction? Moreover, when is Sedom mentioned alone, when with Amora and when with all the cities of the Plain? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #39: The Prophecies of Amos: "The Hearken Sequence" Now that we have seen the five-fold punishments of Shomeron, we can consider the structure and overall message of this series. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #40 The Prophecies of Amos The Hearken Sequence: Crescendo and Coda The Hearken Sequence reaches a crescendo--but is something missing from the text? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #41 The Prophecies of Amos - The Hearken Sequence: Crescendo and Coda The final verse of Chapter 4 at first seems out of place, but a careful analysis shows how its every clause mirrors the preceding five-fold punishment of Israel. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #43: The Prophecies of Amos - The Fall of Israel The first of seven elements in Amos's last-ditch rebuke focuses on the maiden Israel and the bitter fate awaiting her. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #44: The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel While Amos engages in clever wordplay, we are left to wonder how Be'er Sheva, Beit El and Gilgal figure so prominently in his diatribe. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #45: The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel Amos presents the rebuker as an unpopular figure, but his own story remains opaque. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #46: The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel Amos's hymn seems to break the sequence of his thoughts. Why does he now praise God for His role in creation? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #47 The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel As we return to the theme of seeking as the penultimate element of this seven-part cycle, we consider the idea of what good and bad really are, from the viewpoint of Amos's audience. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #48 The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel As we near the end of the seven-part dirge sequence, we must consider whom Amos calls to mourn, why and where. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #49 The Prophecies of Amos: The Fall of Israel As we conclude the seven-part sequence, we consider the nature of the lamentation Amos describes, as well as parallels in Yirmeyahu, Mikha and Shemuel. Why does Amos go to the vineyards? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #50 The Prophecies of Amos: Yom Hashem Amos introduces the concept of "the day of the Lord," a prophetic term which will become very important in biblical literature. Why does he raise this to his audience in Shomeron? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #51 The Prophecies of Amos: Yom Hashem Part II Amos introduces the concept of the "day of the Lord" by being the first to mention it explicitly, but a careful reading of Tanakh shows that he is in fact invoking an idea which is very familiar to his audience. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)

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