Rav Yitzchak Etshalom
Teacher Title Abstract Course
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #73: The Prophecies of Amos: THE VISIONS - AMOS AT BEIT-EL (7:10-17): CONFRONTATION PART 3: THE PRONOUNCEMENT In the previous two shiurim, we analyzed the text of the interaction between Amos and Amatzia at Beit-El, focusing on a broad view of the text and addressing the issues of the seemingly synonymous navi-chozeh pairing and the role of “eating bread.” Subsequent to Amos’s justifying his mission and explaining the roots of his Divine agency, he delivers a short pronouncement at Beit-El. In this shiur, we will focus our attention on that pronouncement. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #74: The Prophecies of Amos: THE VISIONS - VISION #4 (8:1-3): THE BASKET OF FIGS PART 1: THE TEXT (VV. 1-2) In the previous chapter, Amos reported three visions, each comprising three verses. The second half of the chapter is the one narrative unit in our book. Following the familiar rhetorical pattern of “three and one” (or “three and four”), which Amos utilized so elegantly in the first set of oracles, the prophet now informs the audience about a fourth vision. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #75: The Prophecies of Amos: THE VISIONS - VISION #4 (8:1-3): THE BASKET OF FIGS - PART 2: THE TEXT - VERSE 3 Amos's vision at Beit El contains a strange directive to turn singing to wailing, utilizing terminology unmatched in Tanakh. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #76: The Prophecies of Amos: THE VISIONS VISION #4 (8:1-3): THE BASKET OF FIGS PART 3 Assessment of the fourth vision and summary of the sequence of the four visions (7:1-8:3) Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #77: The Prophecies of Amos: BACK TO BASICS The unusual construction of Amos 8:4, both in its word choice and transcription, offers intriguing possibilities of interpretation. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #78: The Prophecies of Amos: BACK TO BASICS REBUKE (8:4-8): PISHEI YISRAEL REVISITED Amos rebukes the merchants who long to take advantage of the poor in the Northern Kingdom of Israel, but his references to chodesh and shabbat are a challenge to explain. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Prophecies of Amos: BACK TO BASICS REBUKE (8:4-8): PISHEI YISRAEL REVISITED PART 2: THE WAGES OF SIN Section 2: Verse 6 Amos comes full circle by rebuking the merchants of Shomeron for selling the innocent--but what does this phrase mean? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #80: The Prophecies of Amos: BACK TO BASICS REBUKE (8:4-8): PISHEI YISRAEL REVISITED What is the Pride of Ya'akov? When and why does God take an oath? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #81: The Prophecies of Amos: BACK TO BASICS REBUKE (8:4-8): PISHEI YISRAEL REVISITED Why does Amos invoke the Nile to describe God's punishment to his Northern audience? Is an earthquake part of the Divine arsenal in Tanakh? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #82: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM The image of darkness at midday is a striking one, recalling one of the darkest days in biblical history for the House of David: the fall of Yoshiyahu at Megiddo--at least according to the classical commentators. But why would an Israelite audience care about the downfall of a Judean king? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #83: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM Amos's vivid description of mourning raises an intriguing question: What is the origin of Jewish mourning practices? Is this an expression of existing customs, or a new enactment? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #84: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM One of Amos's most famous images is the famine for the word of God, but what meaning does it hold for his audience and for Midrashic exegetes centuries later? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #85: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM The description of the search for God's word uses imagery which seems at first glance to be contradictory: are the searchers reeling like drunkards, or earnestly focused on surveying the four corners of the earth? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #86: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM Is Amos 8 predicting a physical or a spiritual famine? Both the Midrash and the Rishonim provide unsatisfying answers, requiring a fresh approach to the passage. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #87: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM Amos rebukes those "who swear by the guilt of Samaria," but the focus of this is unclear. Why are oaths so important in the ancient world, and what does the prophet seek to emphasize? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #88: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM In this shiur, we will begin our study of the final chapter of Amos, which we will argue continues the eschatological theme of the preceding chapter. We will look at the first six verses and begin to examine the overall structure and idea of the vision. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #89: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM In last week’s shiur, we engaged in an overview of the final “vision” of Amos. We will now tackle the specific components of the vision, focusing our attention in this shiur on the first verse – Hashem “atop” (or “on the side of”) the altar (which altar?) and the dire commands He issues. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #90: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM In last week’s shiur, we examined the opening verse of Amos's fifth vision. Verses 9:2-4 are an expansion of the second half of verse 1, and we will examine this section as a unit in this shiur, noting the structure of the verses, the enigma of the pledge to punish the people even if they are taken captive, and the allusions to other biblical stories. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #91: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM In this shiur, we continue our discussion of the imagery in Amos 9:2, focusing on the meaning of the verb chatar and the allusions to the stories of Yona and Eliyahu. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #92: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM THE FIFTH VISION (9:1-6) In this shiur, we continue our analysis of Amos 9:3, focusing on the images of the top of the Carmel and the depths of the sea. In particular, we will discuss Amos's rhetorical use of the story of Eliyahu on Har Ha-Carmel in this vision. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #93: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM THE FIFTH VISION (9:1-6) In this shiur, we will analyze Amos 9:4, which we will argue is the culmination of the previous verses in this vision. We also consider the implications of viewing this prophecy as a vision of the end of days, as opposed to a prophecy of imminent doom. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #94: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM THE FIFTH VISION (9:1-6) In last week’s shiur, we completed our study of the judgment/punishment segment of the fifth and final “vision” that Amos presents, which sits at the heart of Amos’s “end-of-days” prophecy. In the next two shiurim, we will conclude our analysis of the entire vision, focusing on the hymn that comprises the last two verses. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #95: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF DOOM In this shiur, we will analyze the text of the second and final verse of the hymn in chapter 9, which is also the concluding verse of the entire “final vision” and, in a sense, the end of Amos’s first phase in his eschatology. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #96: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF RETURN This last prophecy in Amos comprises six verses and nearly completes his eschaton or “end-of-days” prophecy. In the next two shiurim (this and #97), we will examine the two verses that make up the first prophetic statement of this passage. We will consider the theological implications of this statement, which reflects the worldview that Amos was sent to explicate to his audience. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #97: The Prophecies of Amos: DAY OF RETURN In last week’s shiur, we began our study of Amos’s penultimate presentation, a prophecy of “judgment and vindication” that is also an oratory of long-view relief and comfort against a background of potential rejection and rebuke. In this shiur, we will examine the verses that present the tension between segula and tzedek - between the favored-nation status enjoyed by Am Yisrael and need for justice. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (3)

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