Commentators on the Mishna
Teacher Title Abstract Course
Rav Yosef Marcus Tannaitic Commentaries on the Mishna The earliest explanations of the Mishna are found in the Mishna itself, as well as in other works from the same time period, such as the Tosefta. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Amoraic Commentaries on the Mishna Specific amora’im tend to interpret the Mishna using consistent methodology. A number of examples are brought to illustrate this. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Commentaries on the Mishna during the period of the Ge’onim and the Middle Ages In this shiur, we will begin our study of Ezra-Nechemia. We will note the relationship between the two parts of this book, as well as its connection to Divrei Ha-yamim, and we will begin our study of chapter one, which focuses on the persona of King Cyrus. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #04: The Commentary of the Rambam on the Mishna (Part 1) This shiur begins to discuss the Commentary of the Rambam on the Mishna, and focuses primarily on the motives given by the Rambam himself for writing it. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #05: The Commentary of the Rambam on the Mishna (Part 2) In this shiur, we continue to discuss the Rambam's Commentary on the Mishna. We focus on some characteristics of the commentary: principles and introductions, and halakhic rulings. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #06: The Commentary of the Rambam on the Mishna (Part 3) This shiur continues to illustrate examples of the Rambam issuing practical halakhic rulings in his Commentary on the Mishna. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #07: Philosophy and Rebuke in the Rambam’s Commentary on the Mishna This shiur illustrates how the Rambam at times discusses issues of Jewish philosophy in greater depth in the Commentary on the Mishna, and also delivers occasional rebuke about various common practices with which he disagreed. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #08: Additional Features of the Rambam’s Commentary on the Mishna In this shiur, a number of additional important features of the Commentary of the Rambam on the Mishna are presented, such as illustrations, use of scientific information, and explanations of the sequence of topics in the Mishna. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #09: The Stages of the Writing of the Rambam’s Commentary on the Mishna Using a number of examples, this shiur demonstrates that the Rambam edited and made corrections to his Commentary on the Mishna following its initial publication. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #10: The Drafts of the Rambam’s Commentary on the Mishna and their Significance In the 1940s, scholars began to discover a number of drafts of sections of the Commentary on the Mishna that the Rambam wrote before he completed his final version. This shiur addresses the relationship between these drafts and the final version of his autograph manuscript by examining the Rambam’s comments on one specific issue, that of the renewal of the institution of semikha (rabbinical ordination), and the Rambam’s novel ideas about it. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #11: The Commentary of Rav Ovadya of Bartenura This shiur begins to discuss the commentary on the Mishna of Rav Ovadya of Bartenura. Following a brief synopsis of his life, the central features of his commentary are noted. These features and a comparison with the Commentary of the Rambam on the Mishna indicates that the commentary of the Bartenura is fundamentally different from that of the Rambam. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #12: The Commentary of Rav Ovadya of Bartenura Part 2 This shiur continues to discuss the commentary of Rav Ovadya of Bartenura, and focuses on two specific topics: The relationship between his commentary and the commentaries that preceded him, and the prevalence of establishing the halakha in his commentary. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #13: The Commentary of Tosefot Yom Tov, Part 1 This shiur begins to discuss the Tosefot Yom Tov, the commentary on the Mishna authored by Rav Yom Tov Lipman Heller. Following a brief survey of his life, the shiur describes his motives for writing the commentary, as well as his goals in doing so. This is followed by an analysis of the relationship between his commentary and the commentary of Rav Ovadya of Bartenura, as well as a discussion of the spiritual and philosophical worldview of the Tosefot Yom Tov. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #14: The Commentary of Tosefot Yom Tov Part 2 This shiur focuses on a number of features of the commentary of the Tosefot Yom Tov: Occasional explanations in accordance with the simple understanding of the Mishna, against the interpretation of the Gemara; discussion of the understanding of scripture according to its simple meaning, alternate versions of the text, and realia. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #15: The Commentary of the Melekhet Shlomo, Part 1 In this shiur, we begin to discuss the commentary of the Melekhet Shlomo by Rabbi Shlomo Adeni. We will begin with an overview of his life and the background to the writing of his commentary. Then we will explore a number of qualities of his commentary, such as emendations of the Mishna, addendums and expansions to the commentary of the Bartenura, quotations of many sources that relate to the Mishna and references and sources. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #16: The Commentary of the Melekhet Shlomo, Part 2 This shiur continues to discuss the commentary of the Melekhet Shlomo and focuses on two unique features of his commentary: A) Comments about the compilation of the Mishna B) Studying Mishna (& other sources) in accordance with their simple meaning Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #17: The Commentary of the Tiferet Yisrael, Part 1 This shiur begins to discuss the commentary Tiferet Yisrael, written by Rabbi Yisrael Lifshitz. The shiur briefly presents the history of his life and the process of the writing of his commentary. It then examines the goals of his commentary, and some of its notable features. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #18: The Commentary of the Tiferet Yisrael, Part 2 This shiur continues to discuss the commentary of the Tiferet Yisrael, focusing on two specific features: The sensitivity to the order and structure of the Mishna and the use of secular knowledge in interpreting the Mishna. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #19: The Commentary of the Tiferet Yisrael, Part 3 In this shiur, we will finish our discussion of the commentary of the Tiferet Yisrael. First we will discuss an additional aspect of his commentary, and then we will examine his philosophical worldview. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #20: Commentaries on the Mishna from the 20th Century, Part 1 This shiur opens the discussion of commentaries on the Mishna written in the twentieth century. It begins by discussing the commentary of Bialik on Seder Zeraim, the first commentary whose primary goal was to explain the Mishna to a broader audience that did not have a proficient Torah background. It then focuses on the commentary of Albeck on the Mishna, which is somewhat of a continuation of that of Bialik, and can be characterized as the first modern commentary on the entire Mishna. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #21: Commentaries on the Mishna from the 20th Century, Part 2 This shiur discusses two commentaries, those of Rabbi Eliezer Levi and of Rav Pinchas Kehati, including the background for their being written as well as their unique characteristics. At the end of the shiur, three other projects focusing on interpreting the Mishna are mentioned that have not yet been completed. Commentators on the Mishna
Rav Yosef Marcus Shiur #22: Interpreting the Mishna According to its Simple Meaning In this shiur we will survey the study of Mishna as a topic of independent study, from the time of the ge'onim through the period of the acharonim. Commentators on the Mishna