Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
מרצה Title תקציר סידרה
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #01: 14 May 1948 Declaring a State: To Dare to Declare In our inaugural shiur, we consider the fateful decision to declare a Jewish state in the Land of Israel on 5 Iyar, 5708 (1948). Why was this move so significant? How do we account for the desire to celebrate national miracles while safeguarding religious traditions like Shabbat? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #02: 10 September 1952 Reparations from Germany The 1952 reparations agreement between the young State of Israel and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) was a controversial idea--not only among politicians, but among halakhic authorities as well. When are such payments appropriate, if at all? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #03: 27 October, 1958 Who is a Jew? In the early years of the State of Israel, the question of Jewish identity became a hot-button issue. What are the halakhic sources which were used to address this subject, and why is it still relevant today? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #04: 23 May, 1960 “We have Eichmann” — The Trial and Execution of Adolf Eichmann The capture of Adolf Eichmann in the early 60s challenged the young State of Israel to face hard questions about mass murder, war crimes and the use of the death penalty. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #05: 18 May, 1965 “Our Man in Damascus” Eli Cohen, Israel’s Greatest Spy 16 Iyar - 54 years ago, Eli Cohen's final request: תתפללו לעילוי נשמתי. The case of Eli Cohen, who lived for years as an Israeli spy in Syria, raises a number of halakhic questions. When may a Jew pretend to belong to a different faith? What if this requires marrying a non-Jew? Whose life may be sacrificed to avoid cardinal sins? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #06: 7 June, 1967 “Har Ha-bayit Be-yadeinu”: The Six-Day War and Reunification of Yerushalayim The Six-Day War led to the immortal declaration: "The Temple Mount is in our hands!" However, Israeli control over the site of the Temple raises many halakhic questions, and the Poskim have argued over how to approach our holiest sites. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #07: 25 January, 1968 Raising the Dead The Loss of INS Dakar The tragic loss of the INS Dakar fifty years ago raised a number of halakhic dilemmas, touching on the most sensitive areas of the Jewish approach to death, burial and mourning.. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #08: 6 October, 1973 Yom Kippur War, Part I The 1973 Yom Kippur War was a traumatic experience for Israelis and for Jews worldwide--emotionally, politically and religiously as well. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #09: 6 October 1973 Yom Kippur War, Part II The shock of the Yom Kippur War presented a terrible halakhic challenge: under what circumstances is it permissible to violate Shabbat and yom tov to deal with casualties of war? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #10: 4 July, 1976 The Entebbe Operation, Part I The Entebbe operation was a dramatic achievement for the IDF, but the Jewish community, both in Israel and abroad, differed about the theological and halakhic responses to it. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #11: 4 July 1976 The Entebbe Operation, Part II The Entebbe operation in 1976 raised a question dating back thousands of years: what is considered to be too high a price to pay to free Jewish captives? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #12: 19 November 1977 “No more war, no more bloodshed” Sadat’s Visit to Jerusalem and the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty Part I The 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty raised many halakhic questions. When is one allowed to give up parts of the Land of Israel? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #13: 19 November 1977 “No more war, no more bloodshed” Sadat’s Visit to Jerusalem and the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty Part II Peace with Egypt raised many halakhic issues about the permissibility of living in or visiting the country. Should Spain or Germany have similar prohibitions due to their horrific historical treatment of the Jews? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #14: 6 June 1982 Shelom Ha-Galil, First Lebanon War Part I The First Lebanon War presented a number of moral and halakhic quandaries, as for the first time the State of Israel faced off against non-state actors in a controversial military confrontation. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #15: 6 June 1982 Shelom Ha-Galil, First Lebanon War Part II When Israeli-allied Phalangists massacred Palestinians in Beirut in 1982, the Jewish world and the world at large were horrified. What are the halakhic and hashkafic implications of such an event? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #16: 9 November 1989 The Fall of the Berlin Wall and Aliya from the Soviet Union, Part 1 The fall of the Berlin Wall raised a number of questions about the halakhic implications of mass immigration to the State of Israel. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #17: 9 November 1989 The Fall of the Berlin Wall and Aliya from the Soviet Union, Part 2 While many Israeli citizens from the former Soviet Union who are not halakhically Jewish serve in the IDF, the question of where to bury those who are unfortunately killed in action is a fraught halakhic dilemma. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #18: 9 November 1989 The Fall of the Berlin Wall and Aliya from the Soviet Union Part 3 Many of the immigrants from the former Soviet Union were not halakhically Jewish. This created a national crisis, with rabbis clashing over the proper approach to conversion for this community. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #19: 17 January 1991 The Gulf War: A New Type of Conflict The Gulf War of 1990-1991 raised many halakhic issues of how Jewish soldiers, and Jews in general, should approach the prospect of war. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #20: 24 May 1991 Operation Shelomo Aliya of Ethiopian Jewry The mass aliyah of Ethiopian Jews created a halakhic challenge: Is this community Jewish by birth or not? Does the lack of a halakhic tradition mean that we must be concerned about mamzerut? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #21: 25 February 1994 Massacre at Me'arat Ha-Makhpela The massacre at the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron in 1994 horrified the Jewish world, raising halakhic issues which had first been confronted sixty years earlier. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #22: 4 November 1995 Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin The Rabin assassination was a traumatic event for Israeli society, forcing religious Jews to confront the idea of kingship in Judaism: a positive command or necessary evil? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #23: 29 March 2002 Operation Defensive Shield, Halakhic Challenges for the IDF The IDF's 2002 response to a wave of terror attacks raised a number of halakhic questions regarding Shabbat in the army, as experienced by a reservist on the front lines. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #24: 13 August 2005, Disengagement from Gaza The 2005 Disengagement from Gaza raised many halakhic problems, but the deepest dilemma was about the fate of synagogues located there. Halakhic Responses to Israeli History
Rav Aviad Tabory Shiur #25: 12 July 2006 Second Lebanon War Part I The Second Lebanon War, with its intense fighting, raised an issue confronting Jews for at least a century: Do kohanim belong on the battlefield? What are the halakhic ramifications of their participating in combat? Halakhic Responses to Israeli History

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