Shevuot
Teacher Title Abstract Course
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #00: SOURCES AND INTRO What is the definition of the prohibition in the case of an oath relating to the past and in the case of an oath relating to the future, and what is the relationship between them? What is the issue in dispute between Rabbi Yishmael and Rabbi Akiva? Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #01: An oath that I ate or that I did not eat, That I will eat or that I will not eat What is the definition of the prohibition in the case of an oath relating to the past and in the case of an oath relating to the future, and what is the relationship between them? What is the issue in dispute between Rabbi Yishmael and Rabbi Akiva? Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #02: The Prohibitions Relating to False Oaths (Part 1) What prohibition is transgressed when one takes a false oath relating to the past or to the future? What is the relationship between the sin-offering and the disagreement between Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Yishmael on the one hand, and lashes and the disagreement between Rav Dimi and Ravin on the other? Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #03: The Prohibitions Relating to False Oaths (Part II) When is a false oath defined as a prohibition that does not involve an action, so that it is not subject to lashes, and when not? What is the Rambam's ruling regarding the issue in dispute between Rav Dimi and Ravin? Is there an understanding that the prohibition of "He shall not break his word" is essentially a prohibition to lie? Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #04: The Minimum Measure of Eating and Eating Less than this Measure – Introduction Is the measure of "the size of an olive" a quantitative measure or a condition for defining an action as an act of eating? We will examine the positions of Rabbi Shimon, Rabbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish. All this will serve as an introduction to a discussion concerning the dispute between Rabbi Akiva and the Sages relating to the measure that must be eaten in order to impose liability upon a person who took an oath not to eat. Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #05: The Dispute Between Rabbi Akiva and the Sages - One who takes an oath that he will not eat, and he eats less than a Ke-zayit (Part I) The Tannaim disagree about the minimal measure that a person must eat in order to incur liability after having taken an oath: "I will not eat." We will try to explain each opinion, the issue in dispute, and the argument that each Tanna puts forward in support of his position. Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #06: The Dispute Between Rabbi Akiva and the Sages - One who takes an oath that he will not eat, and he eats less than a Ke-zayit (Part II) What is the significance of the proposed connection between the views of Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Shimon regarding eating less than a ke-zayit? What is the Rambam's ruling on the matter? Is there a prohibition of half a measure regarding an oath? Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #07: One who takes an oath not to eat, and he ate less than a ke-zayit (Part III) – The Laws of Mefaresh and Berya In this shiur we will continue to explain the opinions among the Rishonim concerning the need for a ke-zayit according to the Sages, and we will deal with the Gemara's discussion of the issue of mefaresh and the comparison to beriya. Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #08: A Prohibition Does Not Apply to an Item That is Already Prohibited – Introduction What is the foundation and definition of the rule that a second prohibition does not apply to an item that is already prohibited? What are the exceptions to this rule and what is the logic underlying them? Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #09: Already bound by an Oath from Mount Sinai that Supercedes Later Oaths - Introduction This week's shiur as well will be an introductory shiur, not for the general rule that "a prohibition does not apply to an item that is already prohibited," but to a concept unique to the world of oaths, "already bound by an oath from Mount Sinai," and to the limitations concerning an oath relating to a mitzva. Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #10: One Who Takes an Oath Not to Eat and He Ate Neveilot How does Rabbi Yochanan deal with the problem of "bound by an oath from Mount Sinai" with the law of an inclusive prohibition, and regarding what point does Resh Lakish disagree with him? Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #11: An Inclusive Oath to Annul a Mitzva The Bavli and the Yerushalmi appear to disagree about the validity of an inclusive oath that annuls a mitzva. Many Rishonim, however, maintain that there is no disagreement, and they propose various distinctions to differentiate between the cases under discussion. Masekhtot - Iyun
Rav Shmuel Shimoni Shiur #12: An Oath Concerning Half a Measure of a Prohibited item Are we "bound by an oath from Mount Sinai" with regard to the prohibition of half a measure (by Rabbinic decree according to Resh Lakish and by Torah law according to Rabbi Yochanan)? Masekhtot - Iyun